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Mbunda Location in Angola

Mbunda Origin, Read More.................

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Mbunda 23rd Monarch Restored in Angola

 

Following the successful restoration of the twenty third (23rd) Mbunda Monarch on 16th August 2008 in Lumbala Nguimbo, Moxico Province of Angola, it is only inevitable that the Monarch has established that out of the seven hundred and thirty six (736) chiefs in Municipio dos Bundas and Municipio de Kangamba only fifty five (55) are bona fide Mbunda Chiefs, two Hundred and eleven (211) are non Mbunda Chiefs and four hundred and eighty two (482) are Vimiata (Noble Men and or Prime Ministers). Some of these so called Chiefs are believed to be political and left on thrones by the Portuguese Colonialists.

 

A total of fifty eight (58) bona fide Mbunda Chiefs have so far been identified and are found in their respective Palaces in six (6) Districts of Municipio dos Bundas, which are: Comuna de Lumbala Nguimbo, Comuna de Ninda, Comuna de Chumi, Comuna de Lutembwe (Lutembo), Comuna de Xexe and Comuna de Luvuei. Others are found in their respective Palaces in five (5) Districts of Municipio de Kangamba, which are: Comuna de Kangamba, Comuna de Kangombe, Comuna de Mue, Comuna de Kasamba and Comuna de Tembwe, all of Moxico Province and three (3) in Comuna de Cutuilo and Municipio de Menongue of Cuando Cubango Province.

 

King Mwene Mbandu III is the twenty third (23rd) Mbunda Monarch from Mwene Kazungo Shanda, who was imposed on the Mbundas by the Portuguese Colonialists. That was after the twentieth (21st) Monarch was abducted by the same colonialists in 1914, ref; (1) René Pélissier, La révolte des Bunda (1916-1917), pp. 408 - 412 (French for "the Mbunda revolt"), section footnotes citing sources: Luís Figueira, Princesa Negra: O preço da civilização em África, Coimbra Edição do autor, 1932..  Little did King Mbandu Lyondthzi Kapova (Kathzima Mishambo) know that his nephew was an ambitious traitor and would not follow the King's instructions. King Mbandu Lyondthzi Kapova, his Mwata (Prime Minister) wa Mwene Shwana Mbambale, his two personal physicians and special aides, Mwata Kambalameko and Mwata Vitumbi, some important courtiers as well as a number of his bodyguards were kidnapped and taken away in 1914 by Portuguese colonial troops mounted on horsebacks. This resulted in a war named "The Kolongongo War". This is a war the Portuguese Colonialists fought on horse backs against the Mbundas.

Mbundas waged a fierce armed campaigns in their desperate bid to maintain their independence of Portuguese subjugation, ref; (2) René Pélissier, La révolte des Bunda (1916-1917), pp. 408 - 412 (French for "the Mbunda revolt"), section footnotes citing sources: Luís Figueira, Princesa Negra: O preço da civilização em África, Coimbra Edição do autor, 1932.. They new how to fight. They were a fearless, strong and brave people. However, as time elapsed, the Portuguese forces gained an upper hand in the war because they were continuously provisioned with gunpowder for their guns. The embattled Mbunda, who did not posses the know-how essential to the making of gunpowder eventually found the muzzle-loaders to be absolutely useless. They had to increasingly rely on their bows and arrows as well as a few other traditional arms which were suited for warfare only at close quarters. Superior Portuguese firepower took a heavy toll of the increasingly dispirited Mbunda, some of whom began to throw their muzzle-loaders in the rivers for lack of gunpowder. The war lasted up to 1929 and dislodged the Mbunda Kingdom and the Portuguese took over Mbundaland to be part of Angola. Read More...............

Ngangela Or Mbunda Group?

In the 1500’s a group of Bantu people left what is now Sudan, ref; (3)  The Bantu in Ancient Egypt  during the Bantu migration. Among these were the Mbunda, ref; (4) Almanac of African Peoples & Nations page 523, Social Science By Muhammad Zuhdī Yakan, Transaction Publishers, Putgers - The State University, New Jersey, ISBN: 1-5600-433-9 one of the oldest and biggest ethnic grouping in Southern Africa.

 

The Mbunda Kingdom dates back from well before the Mwantiyavwa Dynasty was established in Kola. ref; (5)   Robert Papstein The History and Cultural Life of the Mbunda Speaking People, Lusaka Cheke Cultural Writers Association, 1994, ISBN 99 820 3006X

 

The Mbunda trace their origin from Sudan, ref; (6) Terms of trade and terms of trust: the history and contexts of pre-colonial pages 104 & 105...By Achim von Oppen, LIT Verlag Münster Publishers, 1993, ISBN: 3894732466, 9783894732462 trekking southwards through Kola where they came in contact with the Luba and Ruund Kingdoms. ref; (7) Almanac of African Peoples & Nations page 523, Social Science By Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, Transaction Publishers, Putgers - The State University, New Jersey, ISBN: 1-5600-433-9, where a misunderstanding between the third Monarch Yamvu and forth Monarch Nkonde led to a split after Yamvu married a Luba Hunter. One faction gave rise to the Mwata Yamvwa Kingdom after adopting the name Mwata Yamwa in 1695, while the other faction led by Mwene Nkonde retained the Mbunda dynasty and moved eastwards and settled at the confluence of Kwilu and Kasai Rivers. ref; (8) Robert Papstein The History and Cultural Life of the Mbunda Speaking People, Lusaka Cheke Cultural Writers Association, 1994, ISBN 99 820 3006X

 

At Kwilu/Kasai, because of the hostile weather conditions, King Chinguli the fifth Monarch was sent by the father Nkonde to look for better land for settlement.

 

The Mbunda language spoken by the Mbunda group that remained in the DR Congo, entirely separated from the rest of their people, is of course a special case. Due to passage of time and interaction with other languages, it has become quite different from the variants spoken in Angola, Zambia, and Namibia, and is today even considered as belonging to a different linguistic category.

 

King Chinguli took a more central route into the now Angola, fighting the Bushmen all the way to Kwandu Kuvango, leaving Mbundas behind in his trail who were later called, Lwiimbis, Chimbandis, Ngonjelos, Humbis and Nyembas. He never returned. At Kwilu /Kasai after the death of Nkonde, Mbaao was installed as the sixth Monarch and moved Mbundas, taking a southeastern route into the now Angola. During this immigration expedition, Kaamba replaced Mbaao as the seventh Monarch, and continued with the expedition and finaly settled the Mbundas at Mithimoyi near Luena. In a continued search for more land, Kaamba sent some Mbundas who settled in a nearby river called Luchathzi. These were later called after the river as Luchazis, who later left for Chimbandi to King Chinguli’s earlier central route, where they were chased, singing a song in their flight “Mutemba tatuye, vaile ku Chimbandi vana katunta lusi.” This is where they made fire in a process called Chimvweka.

 

The Mbunda prospered and the land along these western tributaries of the Zambezi was their home. During this expansion they gave way to branches such as the Sango, the Mbalango, the Yauma, the Nkangala, the Ndundu and the Mashaka. ref; (9) Bantu-Languages.comdescribes these languages as "a variety of Mbunda, also a K.10 Bantu language, citing Maniacky 1997. These languages are not to be confused with Ngangela. In fact "Nganguela" is one of the ethnographic classification categories invented during colonial times in a series of African countries which do not correspond to one people held together by a common social identity".

 

The two route migrations of the Mbunda from the confluence of Kwilu and Kasai rivers gave way to a thirteen (13) Mbunda descendant family of Mbunda Mathzi, the Chimbandi, the Humbi, the Ngonjelo, the Lwimbi, the Nyemba, the Luchazi, the Sango, the Mbalango, the Nkangala, the Yauma, the Ndundu and the Mashaka.

 

The Mbunda eventually moved southwards to a larger settlement, where the Mbunda Kingdom continued to flourish in what became known as Mbundaland from Lungwevungu river to Kwandu Kuvango, with Lumbala Nguimbo becaming their capital. His Majesty King Mbandu III Lifuti is King regnant of Mbundaland today.

Ngangela Or Mbunda Group?  - What is Ngangela? ref; (10) Alvin W. Urquhart, ''Patterns of Settlement and Subsistence in Southwestern Angola'', National Academies Press, 1963, p 10    

Eastern Angola today is mainly occupied by this thirteen (13) family Mbunda descendant group: Mbunda Mathzi, Chimbandi, Humbi, Lwiimbi, Ngonjelo, Nyemba, Luchazi, Sango, Mbalango, Yauma, Nkangala, Ndundu and Mashaka. Today some unofficial Angola Tribal maps show Eastern Angola as occupied by Ngangela. These tribal maps are misleading because Ngangela is not a tribe but a derogatory name which also means Eastern Nganguela, Ovambo, Nyaneka-Nkhumbi, Herero and many other   ref; (11)  Alvin W. Urquhart, ''Patterns of Settlement and Subsistence in Southwestern Angola'', National Academies Press, 1963, p 10. It is also reflective of Portuguese colonialists' oppression on Mbunda and clear intent to wipe out the ethnic group completely out of Angola. As a result of this, Mbunda as a National Language in Angola has been disappearing from a list of six: KIKONGO, KIMBUNDU, UMBUNDU, CHOKWE, MBUNDA AND KWANYAMA according to the Official Gazette No: 3/87 of May 23, 1987 following a resolution adopted by the Council of Ministers, ref; (12) Minority languages and cultures in Central Africa, ref;(13) Colin Baker and Sulvia Prys Jones' (1998) Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education-Multilingial Matters Ltd. pp. 355-367, ref; (14) O desafio de harmonizar os alfabetos das linguas locais de Angola, ref; (15) The Cultural Peculiarity - About Angola    Resolution adopted by Council of Ministers - Official Gazette No. 3/87 of May 1987, ref; (16)  Ethnic groups and national languages, ref; (17) Linguas Nacionais, ref; (18) Angola Harmonização das línguas bantu dificultada pela fonética e grafia, ref; (19) Elaboração do Atlas Linguístico de Angola, ref; (20) Tusona: Luchazi Ideographs : a Graphic Tradition of West-Central ... - Page 290-292 and systematically being replaced by Ngangela. Surprising,  Mbunda programming in national languages ​​was removed from the Public Television of Angola (TPA), even on some community radio stations.

 

Bantu-Languages.com

Ngangela Name Origin, Read More.....................

 

Language History in SE Angola- The Ngangela-Nyemba Dialect

 

Mbunda Origin, Read More.................

Other Books, Read More...................


Mbunda Chiefs and Their Locations in Angola

 

Mbunda Speaking People Group have one (1) King and fifty eight (58) bona fide Chiefs so far identified in Moxico and Cuando Cubango Provinces of Angola. Thirty six (36) in Município Dos Bundas, nineteen (19) in Município De Kangamba, one (1) in Município De Mavinga, two (2) in Municipio De Menongue

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Angola Map 1906, before Mbunda/Portuguese War "The Kolongongo War"

                                                                                                                                                     Probert Encyclopidia

Angola Map 1932, after Mbunda/Portuguese War "The Kolongongo War"

Probert Encyclopidia

News

8 - 1 - 2010 3:49 PM

Angola
Moxico governor assesses social projects

 

Luena – The provincial governor of the eastern Moxico province, João Ernesto dos Santos “Liberdade”, started Friday a two-day working visit aimed at learning about the implementation level of social projects underway in the districts of Bundas and Luchazes.

According to the visiting programme, the official will travel to the communes of Ninda, Lutembo and Luvuei (Bundas), as well as Cassamba (Luchazes), where water management and supply system and health centre are being installed.

At the end of the trip, on Sunday, João Ernesto “Liberdade” will assess the execution programmes with the District Management Funds and handover a vehicle to Bundas' king, Mwe Mbandu III, at Lumbala-Nguimbo locality.

Meeting with the local chieftains is also part of the visiting governor's agenda.

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17-08-2009 13:23 17-08-2009 13:23

MoxicoMoxico

King III Mwene Mbandu values cultural acts

Luena - The king of the tribe Bunda, Mwene Mbandu III Lifuti Mbandu, valued at the last end-of-week in-Lumbala Nguimbo, municipality of the Bunda , province of Moxico, that cultural acts constitute the foundation of any tradition.

Traditional authority, which made this account in the ceremony of the first anniversary of its return to the throne, celebrated on the 15th of this month, said it was important to preserve cultural values so that society learns to respect their elders and their customs. For the monarch, by culturing the population better understand their habits and customs, avoiding the loss of their origin, identity, and learn to respect others and create good manners.

King compared the man without culture as "a house without foundation" and "tree without roots," arguing that "every human being has his tribe, each tribe with its culture and lose it is to be subject of slavery." Similarly, the provincial governor, Joao Ernesto dos Santos "Liberdade", asked people to reflect deeply about the loss of cultural values, and seek ways to rescue her.

João Ernesto dos Santos reaffirmed the government's desire to focus on recovery of cultural heritage and moral and civic values of the Angolan population, by ensuring support for all forces of society to put forward such initiatives.

Angop learned from local authorities that the date chosen "Flat Lya Miondo Nganga ya" in Portuguese "Memorial Ceremony of the Reign Mbunda Capital" will be celebrated annually. They explained that the anniversary is the time when the people of the region Mbunda thank God for the achievement in the previous period.

According to history, the people Mbunda comes from the Bantu ethnic group, originating in Central Africa, particularly in the Kola region of the empire and Rund Luba of Congo (former Zaire).

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Rei Mwene Mbandu III valoriza actos culturais

Luena - O rei da tribo Bunda, Mwene Mbandu III, Lifuti Mbandu, valorizou, no último fim-de-semana, em Lumbala-Nguimbo, município dos Bundas, província do Moxico, os actos culturais, por constituírem alicerce de qualquer tradição.

A autoridade tradicional, que fez esta consideração na cerimónia da celebração do primeiro aniversário da sua restituição ao trono, assinalado no passado dia 15 deste mês, disse ser importante a preservação dos valores culturais para que a sociedade aprenda a respeitar os mais velhos e seus costumes.

Para o monarca, através da cultura a população compreende melhor os seus hábitos e costumes, evitando a perda da sua origem, identidade, bem como aprende a respeitar o próximo ea criar as boas maneiras.

O rei comparou o homem sem cultura como "uma casa sem alicerce" e "árvore sem raízes", argumentando que "todo ser humano tem a sua tribo, cada tribo com sua cultura e perde-la é ser alvo da escravatura".

De igual modo, o governador provincial, João Ernesto dos Santos "Liberdade", pediu a população a reflectir profundamente sobre a perca dos valores culturais, bem como procurar formas para o seu resgate.

João Ernesto dos Santos reafirmou a vontade do Governo de apostar na recuperação do património cultural e valores morais e cívicos da população angolana, pelo que garantiu apoios para todas as forças vivas da sociedade que apresente iniciativas do género.

A Angop soube das autoridades locais, que a data escolhida "Lisase Lya Miondo ya Nganga", em português "Cerimónia Memorial do Reinado Mbundas da Capital" será Celebrada anualmente.

Explicaram que a efeméride representa o momento em que o povo da região Mbundas agradece a Deus pelos feitos realizados no período anterior.

De acordo com a história, o povo Mbunda tem origem no grupo étnico Bantu, proveniente da Africa Central, nomeadamente, na região de Kola do império Luba e Rund do Congo (antiga República do Zaire).


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King Mbandu III encourages government to invest in socio economic programs.

King Mwene Mbandu III, of the ethno-linguistic group Mbunda, today commended and encouraged in Lumbala Nguimbo, the Angolan government to continue to invest in programs of socio-economic impact to the rapid development of the country. Falando à Angop , o Rei sustentou que as vias de comunicação, educação, saúde e agricultura constituem factores importantes para o progresso de um país ea melhoria do nível de vida da população. Speaking to Angop, The King argued that the lines of communication, education, health and agriculture are important to the progress of a country and improving the standard of living. Na sua opinião, “o desenvolvimento de um país vê-se pela educação do seu povo, circulação e atendimento hospitalar”. In his view, "the development of a country is made by the education of its people, movement, and hospital care." Segundo Ele, o empenho do governo nos últimos seis anos está a motivar muitos angolanos na diáspora a regressarem ao país. He says the commitment of the government in the last six years is motivating many Angolans in the diaspora to return to the country. O reinado de Mwene Mbandu III, de 58 anos, investido no trono a 16 de Agosto do ano corrente, se estende até regiões da Zâmbia, Namíbia , Zimbabwe e Bostwana , países onde se encontra o grupo etno -linguístico Mbunda . The reign of King Mwene Mbandu III, of 58 years, installed on the throne on August 16, in the year 2008, is up to areas of Zambia, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, countries where the ethno-linguistic group Mbunda is found.

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